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Instructions for Authors

Burns & Trauma welcomes articles that contribute to burn and trauma related knowledge from all sources in all countries. Articles are accepted only for exclusive publication in the journal of Burns & Trauma. Previously published articles, even those in peer-reviewed electronic publications, are not accepted by the journal of Burns & Trauma. Publication does not constitute official endorsement of opinions presented in articles. Published articles and illustrations become the property of the Journal. If the Editor of B&T requests additional data forming the basis for the work, the authors will make the data available for examination in a timely fashion. All manuscripts dealing with the study of human subjects must include a statement that the subjects gave Informed Consent to participate in the study and that the study has been approved by an institutional review board or a similar committee. All studies should be carried out in accordance with the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki. All manuscripts dealing with experimental results in animals must include a statement that the study has been approved by an animal study or Ethics committee. Manuscripts must be prepared in accordance with “Uniform requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journal” developed by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (April 2010). The uniform requirements and specific requirement of Burns & Trauma are summarized below. Before sending a manuscript contributors are requested to check for the latest instructions available. Instructions are also available from the website of the journal (http://www.burnstrauma.com)  and from the manuscript submission site (https://www.editorialmanager.com/butr/Default.aspx).

Types of Manuscripts Accepted

Original articles; Review articles; Case reports; Meeting reports; Letters to the Editor; Commentaries; Perspectives; Announcements of conferences, meetings, courses, awards, and other items likely to be of interest to the readers.


Online Submission of the Manuscripts

Articles may be submitted online from http://www.journalonweb.com/bt. New authors will have to register as author, which is a simple two step procedure. For online submission articles should be prepared in two files (first page file and article file). Images should be submitted in jpeg format directly on website at the time of submission of manuscript.

First Page File: Prepare the title page, covering letter, acknowledgement, etc. using a word processor program. All information which can reveal your identity should be here. Use doc files. Do not zip the files.

The covering letter must include

1. A full statement to the editor about all submissions and previous reports that might be regarded as redundant publication of the same or very similar work. Any such work should be referred to specifically, and referenced in the new paper. Copies of such material should be included with the submitted paper, to help the editor decide how to handle the matter.

2. A statement of financial or other relationships that might lead to a conflict of interest, if that information is not included in the manuscript itself or in an authors’ form

3. A statement that the manuscript has been read and approved by all the authors, that the requirements for authorship as stated earlier in this document have been met, and that each author believes that the manuscript represents honest work, if that information is not provided in another form (see below); and

4. The name, address, and telephone number of the corresponding author, who is responsible for communicating with the other authors about revisions and final approval of the proofs, if that information is not included on the manuscript itself.

Article file: The main text of the article, beginning from Abstract till References (including tables) should be in this file. Do not include any information (such as acknowledgement, your names in page headers, etc.) in this file. Use doc files. Do not zip the files. Limit the file size to 2 MB. Do not incorporate images in the file. The text and figures must exclude all references to the source of work and the authors, otherwise the paper may be returned to the author for correction before it is sent out for review.

Images: Submit good quality color images. Each image should be less than 5 MB in size. The images must be high resolution, scanned at 300dpi and approximately 1200 x 1800 pixels in size. Images are to be in jpeg format and to be uploaded with proper legends directly on website at the time of submission of new manuscript.

Legends: Legends for the figures/images should be included at the end of the article file.

Contributors’ form and copyright transfer form

The contributors’ form and copyright transfer form duly signed by all the authors/contributors is to be uploaded directly on website within two weeks from the date of submission of new manuscript.

Preparation of the Manuscript

The text of observational and experimental articles should be divided into sections with the headings: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, References, Tables, Figure legends, and Acknowledgment. Do not make subheadings in these sections. Use double spacing throughout. Number pages consecutively, beginning with the title page. The language should be British English.

Title Page

The title page should carry

1. Type of manuscript (e.g. Original article, Case Report)

2. The title of the article, which should be concise, but informative;

3. Running title or short title not more than 50 characters;

4. The name by which each contributor is known (Last name, First name and initials of middle name), with his or her highest academic degree(s) and institutional affiliation;

5. The name of the department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed;

6. The name, address, phone numbers, facsimile numbers and e-mail address of the contributor responsible for correspondence about the manuscript;

7. The total number of pages, total number of photographs and word counts separately for abstract and for the text (excluding the references and abstract);

8. Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these;

9. Acknowledgement, if any; and

10. If the manuscript was presented as part at a meeting, the organization, place, and exact date on which it was read.

Abstract Page

The second page should carry the full title of the manuscript and an abstract (no more than 300 words), briefly describes the purpose, methods, main findings and conclusions. The abstract will precede the text of the published paper. Below the abstract provide 3 to 10 key words. Use terms from the medical subject heading list from the Index Medicus whenever possible.


State the purpose of the article and summaries the rationale for the study or observation. State your hypothesis or primary research question and the purpose of the study.


The Methods section should include only information that was available at the time the plan or protocol for the study was written; all information obtained during the conduct of the study belongs in the Results section.

Selection and Description of Participants: Describe your selection of the observational or experimental participants (patients or laboratory animals, including controls) clearly, including eligibility and exclusion criteria and a description of the source population. Because the relevance of such variables as age and sex to the object of research is not always clear, authors should explain their use when they are included in a study report; for example, authors should explain why only subjects of certain ages were included or why women were excluded. The guiding principle should be clarity about how and why a study was done in a particular way.

When authors use variables such as race or ethnicity, they should define how they measured the variables and justify their relevance.

Technical information: Identify the methods, apparatus (give the manufacturer’s name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. Give references to established methods, including statistical methods (see below); provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well known; describe new or substantially

modified methods, give reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration. Authors submitting review manuscripts should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data. These methods should also be summarized in the abstract. Reports  of randomised clinical trials should present information on all major study elements, including the protocol, assignment of interventions (methods of randomisation, concealment of allocation to treatment groups), and the method of masking (blinding), based on the CONSORT Statement (Moher D, Schulz KF, Altman DG: The CONSORT Statement: Revised Recommendations for Improving the Quality of Reports of Parallel-Group Randomised Trials. Ann Intern Med. 2001; 134:657-662, also available at http://www.consort-statement.org). Authors submitting review article should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesising data. These methods should also be summarised in the abstract.


When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (available at  http://www.wma.net/e/policy/17-c_e.html). Do not use patients’ names, initials, or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution’s or a national research council’s guide for, or any national law on the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.


Statistical methods should be described in detail. The statement “no significant difference was found between two groups” cannot be made unless a power study was done and the value of alpha or beta is reported. Use of the word significant requires reporting of a p value. Ninetyfive percent confidence intervals are required whenever the results of survivorship analysis are given in the text or graphs. Use of the word correlation requires reporting of the correlation coefficient.


These must be clearly expressed in simple language. Tables or similar diagrams can be used but must not duplicate material already expressed in the text. Provide a detailed report on the data obtained during the study. Results obtained after less than two years of follow-up are rarely accepted. For studies pertaining to joint replacement a minimum of five years follow up is desirable. All data in the text must be consistent throughout the manuscript, including any illustrations, legends, or tables. For studies of less than 20 subjects percentages should not be used. Extra or supplementary materials and technical detail can be placed in an appendix where it will be accessible but will not interrupt the flow of the text; alternatively, it can be published only in the electronic version of the journal.

Use graphs as an alternative to tables with many entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Avoid non-technical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as “random” (which implies a randomizing device), “normal,” “significant,” “correlations,” and “sample.” Where scientifically appropriate, analyses of the data by variables such as age and sex should be included.


This section must be succinct, pointing out the relevance of the work described in the paper and its contribution to current knowledge. The results must be interpreted clearly, and deficiencies expressed. Discussion of pertinent references must be concise and short. Be succinct. What does your study show? Is your hypothesis affirmed or refuted? Discuss the importance of this article with regard to the relevant world literature; a complete literature review is unnecessary. Analyze your data and discuss their strengths, their weaknesses, and the limitations of the study.


As an appendix to the text, one or more statements should specify

1. contributions that need acknowledging but do not justify authorship, such as general support by a departmental chair;

2. acknowledgments of technical help; and

3. acknowledgments of financial and material support, which should specify the nature of the support. This should be included in the title page of the manuscript.


References in the text should include only those that are important and have been studied in full by the authors. All references will be checked by us; we will request photocopies of the first and last pages of referenced articles which we have been unable to verify. References should only be used from published work. Proof of acceptance is required for references cited “in press”. References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text (not in alphabetic order). Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in square bracket (e.g. [10]). References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure. Use the style of the examples below, which are based on the formats used by the NLM in Index Medicus. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus. Use complete name of the journal for non-indexed journals. Avoid using abstracts as references. Information from manuscripts submitted but not accepted should be cited in the text as “unpublished observations” with written permission from the source. Avoid citing a “personal communication” unless it provides essential information not available from a public source, in which case the name of the person and date of communication should be cited in parentheses in the text.

For scientific articles, contributors should obtain written permission and confirmation of accuracy from the source of a personal communication.

The commonly cited types of references are shown here, for other types of references such as electronic media; newspaper items, etc. please refer to ICMJE Guidelines (http://www.icmje.org orhttp://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html).

Articles in Journals

Standard journal article:

Kulkarni SB, Chitre RG, Satoskar RS. Serum proteins in tuberculosis. J Postgrad Med 1960;6:113-20.

List the first six contributors followed by et al.

1. Volume with supplement: Shen HM, Zhang QF. Risk assessment of nickel carcinogenicity and occupational lung cancer. Environ Health Perspect 1994; 102 Suppl 1:275-82.

2. Issue with supplement: Payne DK, Sullivan MD, Massie MJ. Women’s psychological reactions to breast cancer. Semin Oncol 1996; 23(1,

Suppl 2):89-97.

Books and Other Monographs

1. Personal author(s): Ringsven MK, Bond D. Gerontology and leadership skills for nurses. 2nd ed. Albany (NY): Delmar Publishers; 1996.

2. Editor(s), compiler(s) as author: Norman IJ, Redfern SJ, editors. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.

3. Chapter in a book: Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. pp. 465-78.


• Tables should be self-explanatory and should not duplicate textual material.

• Tables with more than 10 columns and 25 rows are not acceptable.

• Type or print out each table with double spacing on a separate sheet of paper. If the table must be continued, repeat the title on a second sheet followed by “(contd.)”.

• Number tables, in Arabic numerals, consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each.

• Place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading.

• Explain in footnotes all non-standard abbreviations that are used in each table.

• Obtain permission for all fully borrowed, adapted, and modified tables and provide a credit line in the footnote.

For footnotes use the following symbols, in this sequence: *, †, ‡, §, ||, ,

**, ††, ‡‡

Illustrations (Figures)

• Upload color photographs on website in jpeg format.

• Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background and should be marked neatly with transfer type or by tissue overlay and not by pen.

• The photographs and figures should be trimmed to remove all the unwanted areas.

• If photographs of people are used, either the subjects must not be identifiable or their pictures must be accompanied by written permission to use the photograph.

• If a figure has been published, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material. A credit line should appear in the legend for figures for such figures.

• The Journal reserves the right to crop, rotate, reduce, or enlarge the photographs to an acceptable size.

Legends for Illustrations

• Type or print out legends (maximum 40 words, excluding the credit line) for illustrations using double spacing, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the illustrations.

• When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one in the legend.

• Explain the internal scale and identify the method of staining in photomicrographs.

Protection of Patients’ Rights to Privacy

Identifying information should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, sonograms, CT scans, etc., and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that the patient be shown the manuscriptto be published. When informed consent has been obtained, it should be indicated in the article and copy of the consent should be attached with the covering letter.

Sending a revised manuscript

Before submitting a revised manuscript, contributors are requested to ensure that each and every comment of the reviewers/editorial board is answered. Also mention the changes in the column in form of Page No. & Line No. These changes should be clearly mentioned in the revised manuscript. There is no need to send hard copies of the manuscript for articles submitted online.


For the reprint of any article in the journal of Burns & Trauma, please contact the editorial Office.

Email: editorial@burnstrauma.com


The whole of the literary matter in the journal is copyright and cannot be reproduced without the written permission of the Editorial Board.

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